Livestock, including poultry are usually raised for their meat or egg. However, other areas of interest are dairy, bone, wool/feather, and hide/skin. Due to the very large market for meat, there has been a tremendous growth in the meat processing industry. Slaughter houses are built where a large number of animals are processed daily which include but not limited to goats, sheep, cow, rabbit and pigs.
Poultry have received distinguished attention as a preferred meat source for most individuals. This has contributed to the influx of poultry farmers with only a few into its processing which involves de-feathering, freezing, roasting, grilling, packaging and a host of other utilities.
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffalo, sheep, horses or camels – for human consumption. A dairy farm produces milk and a dairy factory processes it into a variety of dairy products. These establishments constitute the dairy industry[i].The Director General of National Office for Technology Acquisition and Promotion (NOTAP) Engr. Umar Bindir observed that if half of the Nigerian population estimated at a hundred million consume a glass of milk estimated at only N100 per glass, it could generate N10 billion per day which in turn could create millions of jobs and translate into a N300 billion monthly revenue.[ii] Examples of dairy products include milk in its various forms, cheese, yoghurts, ice cream, curds and a host of others. It has various industrial applications.